To contribute to the goals of the agreement, countries presented comprehensive national climate change plans (national fixed contributions, NDC). These are not yet sufficient to meet the agreed temperature targets, but the agreement points to the way forward for further measures. In an interview, Mr Guterres told the Guardian that new commitments were urgently needed. “We know we`re not where we should be yet. We know that five years after the Paris Agreement, climate change is even faster than we are,” he said. First, the Paris Agreement was signed by nearly 200 countries and ratified by 111 countries (including China, India and the United States). Compared to previous attempts to set global emissions targets such as the Kyoto Protocol, a consensus on threats to climate change could almost be seen as a victory in itself. “Today`s agreement gives us a clear path to climate neutrality in 2050,” said Ursula von der Leyen, President of the European Commission. While Member States oppose the 60% of the stricter CO2 savings that the European Parliament has called for, the plan puts the EU ahead of most of the world`s major economies to deal with the climate crisis. The agreement recognizes the role of non-partisan stakeholders in the fight against climate change, including cities, other sub-national authorities, civil society, the private sector and others. Jill Duggan, Director of The Prince of Wales` Corporate Leaders Group (CLG), said: “The UK government`s ratification of the agreement today sends an important signal to international allies, businesses and investors about the inevitable transition to a zero-carbon economy.” The Paris agreement is not without its critics and it is not the agreement that everyone wanted. Many believe that emissions targets are not sufficient and stricter targets are needed to limit the effects of climate change.
It is also worrying that some of the agreement`s commitments are not legally binding and, more recently, the President-elect of the United States has raised concerns by promising to withdraw the United States (responsible for 17.8% of global emissions) from the agreement. Laurent Fabius, who, as French foreign minister, oversaw the Paris agreement, told the Guardian: “There has been a kind of revolution in climate change, internationally, with statements from China, South Korea, Europe and Biden. The big challenge now is to implement the Paris Agreement. The time has come to act, and the climate summit is a time of opportunity. The move follows the agreement of EU member states to reduce CO2 emissions by 55% by 2030, just before the interim climate summit on Saturday, five years after the paris climate agreement was adopted, more than 70 heads of state and government from around the world will gather in line for the climate ambition summit to set new commitments on the climate crisis.