Gauthier has an advantage over Hobbes in developing the argument that collaboration between purely selfish agents is possible. He has access to rational choice theory and its sophisticated methodology to show how such collaboration can come about. In particular, he invokes the prisoners` dilemma model to show that self-interest can be compatible with cooperative action. (There is a reasonable argument that we can find in Hobbes a primitive version of the prisoners` dilemma problem.) The theory of the social contract also appears in Crito, another dialogue by Plato. Over time, the theory of the social contract spread after Epicurus (341-270 v. Taking into account your programs is about thinking about what happens next and allowing it to affect your own actions. MS and CM consider the strategies of the other person they interact with.
The Implied Agreement Between Citizens And Their Government