Now we can see much more clearly that the singular subject does not correspond to the plural verb. The right singular verb for this phrase would be “is,” not “being.” Be careful with this, especially if the subject and the verb or pronoun are separated by long change clauses. One of the above questions exploits this particular trap. Although the switching expression uses the singular “everyone,” the theme of the plural phrase is “lion,” which makes the singular verb “was” false. The verb must be changed to a plural form. In addition, the singular “everyone” in the interruption sentence itself calls for a singular verb in the sentence: “is.” As the only answer to this change, “each of which is a fine specimen, they were raised” is the correct answer. 3) Split #1: parallelism. The three men must be parallel. Dostoyevsky is simply followed by a name modifier, so that Nietzsche can`t have his own complete verb – decisions (A) – (B) make this mistake. The other decisions correctly follow “Dostoevsky, [noun edit]” with “Nietzsche [noun edit]”. Remember that with GMAT sentence corrections, it`s worth keeping your eyes open to errors that “sound” fine and your mind open to unexpected ways to correct those errors. Not a single Nominus either; the verb “a” must agree. The correct answer is the only one that uses the right voltage (simple past) to maintain the parallel structure of the sentence.
This sentence shows the same common trick of associating a single subject (team) with a plural noun (player). A pluralistic verb is then placed next to this plural noun, and the reckless test-taker, which relies on its sense of what “sounds right,” is immersed in the idea that the sentence is correct as it is written. The underlined part of the sentence contains a verb error with “runs.” “John and Susan,” while the two singular nouns are together a plural and require a plural form instead of singular “races.” “Run to the finish line” is the right answer choice. The verb MUST match the X part of the subject. Split #2: The three nouns parallel to “and” are a composite subject. This theme – Dostoyevsky, Nietzsche and Kierkegaard – requires a plural verb “were considered the founders.” The selection with the singular version, “was considered a founder,” is false. Decisions (B) – (C) – (E) make this mistake. The word “or” and its cousins “either… or” and “neither… are a little more delicate. If both parts are singular, use a singular verb.
If both parts are plural, use a plural verb. What if we have a singular term and a plural concept that is bound by “or” or one of its cousins? This is one of the rich and anti-intuitive rules of all grammar. If the two parts of a “or” construction differ in number, the number of verbs reflects the name closest to the verb. “The article” is unique.